Digital Methodologies APPlied to Archaeology
MAPPA is a Laboratory of the Department of Civilisations and Forms of Knowledge of the University of Pisa, Italy. It develops digital Methods APPlied to Archaeology and among the other things, it deals with Open Data, Data Analysis, Artificial Intelligence and GIS.
Archaeology is intrinsically digital because it makes extensive use of digital technology, but more radically, unlike other disciplines, archaeology operates from the bottom up, building its interpretation starting from fragments of the (more or less recent) past rather than starting from the whole and breaking it down. Theory, fieldwork, and digital methods are the three pillars of archaeology. Acquisition, collection, preservation, analysis, and data accessibility have become the essence of archaeology itself, with its epistemological and hermeneutical aspects.
The study of the contemporary world through the lens of archaeology was first established at the end of the 70s and beginning of the 80s. The early debate focused on the idea that archaeology should investigate the phenomena of “our” contemporary society, taking distance from the ethnoarchaeological approach which aimed at building replicable models, useful for the interpretation and understanding of ancient societies. However, in the 2000s, the birth of the discipline was formally sanctioned: contemporary society became a valuable target for archaeological research.
The essence of environmental archeology is an horizontal approach to the study of human communities and their relationships with non-humans, within their ecological niches. Rooted in the theoretical framework of political ecology, environmental archeology is based on the combined and diachronic analysis of environmental proxies that allow us to define the relationships between the various agents in ecological systems.
In a discipline based on destructive methods, the lack of information sharing not only inhibits research, but also represents a loss of irreplaceable cultural and historical knowledge. The MAPPA Laboratory has always embraced the Open philosophy and boasts the creation of MOD, the first Italian Open-Data repository.
The MAPPA Laboratory promotes and coordinates interdisciplinary projects at national and international level.
A team of specialists, together with operators and professionals from other disciplines, leads projects strongly innovative ranging from spatial analysis, digital archeology to Big Data and the application of deep learning systems to archeology.
Registration, management and mathematical analysis of archaeological data
Analyze the transformations of the territories over the centuries by crossing the archaeological, historical, geological and geomorphological sources. Understanding the spatial organization and zoning of historical cities that overlapped over time and that today are buried or only partially visible, to create predictive maps of archaeological potential through the use of GIS tools and numerical analysis processes. Interdisciplinary approaches for the evaluation of archaeological potential: the MAPPA laboratory has a great tradition of research in the archiving and categorization of archaeological data, up to their analysis through GIS tools and mathematical/statistical methods, aimed at the predictive calculation of archaeological potential.
Archaeological Big Data
Big Data allow us to learn things impossible to understand using small amounts of data, thanks to the potential offered by software, hardware and algorithms. Their use requires a new archaeological approach: managing large amounts of data, accepting complexity, moving from causality to correlation. Big data inform, expose schemes for archaeological interpretation, are a resource and a tool: data mining, text mining, data visualization, quantitative methods, image processing, etc. help to understand complex archaeological information. Big Data open up new and unprecedented opportunities to read the great historical phenomena, allowing us to re-establish the social role of archeology.
Communication, dissemination and teaching of archaeological data
The MAPPA Lab has always paid attention to communication planning, developing strategies aimed at reaching different public targets in order to facilitate the understanding of scientific concepts and encourage collaboration with researchers outside the laboratory. Thanks to the use of different media, communication tools, and the collaboration with professionals in various sectors, MAPPA Lab carefully plans communication and dissemination for each research project.
The MAPPA laboratory guarantees a solid experience in the elaboration of ARCHeological Impact Assessment (VIArch), carried out through the integrated approach of archaeological methodologies and techniques: from bibliographic and archive research to aerophoto interpretation, from stratigraphic readings to analysis with GIS software.
“Sguardi sul confine. La Linea Gotica raccontata dagli studenti (Looks on the border. La Linea Gotica told by the students) " is the video made during the Archaeology of Border project (https://www.mappalab.eu/archeologia-di-confine/) and selected to participate in...read more
The Fifth episode of Loading ISOLA is out. ISOLA is an educational project funded by the University of Pisa where students are the main characters in archaeological, ethnographical, and video documentation work. A series of short videos narrate the principal issues...read more
The third and the last 3D photogrammetric model of the archaeological area of Massaciuccoli (LU) created by a team of MAPPA laboratory is online. After the first, concerning the large bath at the Pieve di San Lorenzo and the mosaic building, the model of the villa...read more
The special project for teaching "Resurgences: exploring the ecologies of abandonment " has started. The project aims to introduce students to the diachronic study of the abandoned landscapes of the mountain area of Versilia, exploring the places of "resurgence":...read more
On Tuesday, 19 July 2022, Francesca Anichini and Gabriele Gattiglia will be hosted by the Archaeological Museum Bruno Antonucci in Pietrasanta (LU) to present a talk about “Contemporary Archaeology on the Alpi Apuane. Traces and borders along the Gothic Line”. The...read more
On Sunday, 17 July, the Geo Park Farm in Bosa of Careggine hosts the VIII ‘Maria Ansaldi’ conference. The conference topic of this edition is ‘The unexpected charm of the Apuan landscapes’; different specialists will discuss the theme. The MAPPALab team will be...read more